Rajasthan is known for its highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural and tradition. The music is uncomplicated and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds. Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji,parth dance etc. are the examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis are also sung.
Culture of Rajasthan is as unique and as colorful as its rich historical past. Rajasthani culture reflects the colorful history of the state. One can find the essence of the culture on its folk dances, traditional cuisines, peoples in Rajasthan and in their everyday life. Being a princely state, Rajasthan is known for its royal grandeur and royalties. It attracts tourists from all over the world with its beautiful traditions, culture, people, history, and monuments.
Rajasthan is truly a state with a splendid colorful culture. Opposite to named as ‘the land of Kings’ or ‘the country of Rajputs’, Rajasthan culture follows some of the oldest tribes – Bhils, Minas, Meos, Banjaras, Gadia, and Lohars. Culture in Rajasthan is vibrant and includes mesmerizing music, yummy n spicy cuisines and above all unmatchable Dances. In music, Panihari style is very much famous among visitors apart from Ghevar dish and Ghoomar dance of Rajasthan.
Despite the relative poverty of the desert people, and the harsh living conditions that they endure, the Rajasthanis are a colourful, happy and proud people with a culture deeply rooted in tradition. The Rajasthanis are traditional to the point of being orthodox and extremely conservative, especially in matters of caste and community. Till not so long back, women were restricted to living within the purdah and education and careers were distant dreams for most women. In matters of honour, the Rajasthanis are very touchy and any insult, real or imagined can end in bloodbaths, even today. But the flip side is that the people have an amazing zest for life and are as fun loving as industrious. They have a rich tradition of folk music and dance, each region with its own dance styles, songs and music. Several communities of professional performers - the Bhaats, Dholis, Mirasis, Nats, Bhopas and Bhands, spend their lives going from village to village. The villagers patronise them and even participate in their performances.
The semi-arid Shekhawati region in the northeast that make up Jhunjhunu and Sikar district, have developed a rich artistic tradition since the mid-18th century. As if to brighten the drab landscape, the walls and ceilings of the ‘havelis’ (mansions) in village after village are decorated with exquisite frescoes. You won’t find such a large concentration of frescoes anywhere else in the world. The crafts that have developed in this colourful albeit arid desert land are innumerable in their range and variety. Though the Rajput rulers were constantly at war, craftsmen and artisans were encouraged to absorb the refinements of the Mughal courts. They gave stone, leather, glass, wood, clay, ivory, brass, silver, gold and textiles the most brilliant shapes and forms as they breathe life into them to produce an astounding range of handicrafts.
Rajasthan is famed for its textiles, tie and dye, block printing, embroidery and silver and gold relief work on fabric. These are converted into an irresistible selection of furnishings and apparel. Some items worth a buy include the lightweight cotton quilts which are surprisingly warm, elegant gold and silver jewellery, leather goods, furniture, miniature paintings, blue pottery and woollen carpets in Mughal designs.
The finest block printed fabrics are made in Sanganer, a half hour’s drive from Jaipur.
Location : Jaipur
Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji, parth dance, Ghoomar dance