Egypt Today : From tradition to
modernity, Egypt is a country which has succeeded in creating a present
that is as fascinating as its past.
the end of the nineteenth century, Egypt has been evolving at a very
high speed. Its political, economical and cultural life has undergone
striking changes. From the inscription of the first hieroglyph to the
construction of the new hi-tech Smart Village, Egypt has always been a
pioneer on the frontier for emerging information technologies in the
well as virtual highways, Egypt's roads, railways and waterways form a
21,000 mile network from Alexandria to Aswan. They include the world
famous Suez Canal and 1,000 miles of subsidiary canals branching between
the Nile and the sea.
& Climate : Located at the crossroads of Africa, Asia and Europe,
Egypt is built around the Nile Valley, a very fertile land bordering the
river and bounded by 2 seas : the Mediterranean Sea (to the north) and
the Red Sea (to the east). The thin area on either side of the Nile was
historically where 90% of the population settled.
the east of the valley is the Arabian Desert, bounded by a high ridge of
mountains. To the west is the Libyan Desert which stretches across the
top of North Africa.
The demarcation line in Cairo, the
capital city, separates Lower Egypt (everything north of Cairo) from
Upper Egypt (everything to the south). To the east, across the Suez
Canal is the triangular wedge of Sinai with Mt Sinai and Mt Catherine,
the highest mountain in Egypt (2642m).
the summer, from March to November, the climate is hot and dry in most
of the country. December to February can be quite cold in the north. The
sky is usually blue and cloudless. The temperature varies considerably
in Egypt. It can be extremely hot during the day and very cold at night,
especially in the desert.
It rains more often in Alexandria than
in Aswan and Cairo. During the early days of the spring season, a hot
wind called "Khamasin" blows in from the western desert at up to 150
: With 72,000,000 inhabitants, Egypt represents one quarter of the
population of the Arab world. The city of Cairo itself counts about
Egyptian population is composed of people from various origins. Most
Egyptians originate from Ancient Egypt and the Nile Valley. Others come
from the Arabic and Levantine descents and the Nubians of Upper Egypt.
: Arabic is the official language spoken by all Egyptians. When
Arabic is spoken in the streets, it's like a dialect and differs a great
deal from classical Arabic.
Although English is very widespread, people will appreciate you taking
time to learn a few words and phrases. In holiday resorts like Sharm
el-Sheikh and Hurghada, many other European languages are spoken such as
French, German, Italian and Russian.
: Though the majority of Egyptians are Muslims, there are over 12
million Christians living in Egypt today. The two communities enjoy an
During Ramadan, all Muslims fast during
the day. But the evening meal called "Iftar" is a real celebration and
it's followed by street entertainment
The Copts play an important part in
Egyptian society, especially in
artistic, economical and cultural domains.