The name Waynad is
derived from the expression 'Wayanadu' which means land of paddy fields.
Wayanad offers a climate of the hill station similar to that of
Oottacamand, offers a panorama of undulating hills and dales. The hills
which might have been thick forest once, are now plantations of coffee,
tea and cardamom. There is luxuriant greenery all around.
On a clear day from the
river border of Kabini, Waynad will seem to be a fairy land with the deep
blue mountains juxtaposed with the less blue sky and white vagrant speaks
of clouds amidst them.
The most characteristic
aspect about Waynad is a large tribal population. Waynad has a small Jain
Community consisting of the Gounders who came from Karnataka. They have
built beautiful temples all over the district. The Kurichiyar of Waynad
have a great martial tradition. They constituted the army of Pazhassi
Veera Kerala Varma Raja who fought against the British forces in several
battles. The descendants of those warriors are still expert archers.
Wayanad district, nestles
amidst the majestic mountains of Western Ghat, at a
height of 700 to 2100m. above sea level, on the north eastern part
of the state. It is bounded by Mysore, Kodagu and Chamrajnagar
districts of Karnataka in the north & north-east. Nilgiri
district of Tamil Nadu in the district in the west. Kalpetta town is
the district headquarters. The name, Waynad, is believed to have
been derived from the word Vayalnadu, meaning the land of paddy
fields. The present district of Waynad came into being on 1st Nov.
1980 on trifurcating of the then
district The district presents a variation of climatic
conditions. Nature has blessed this part of the
mist clad mountains and verdant valleys. The district has enormous
tourist potential due to its idyllic nature and nearness to
major tourist destinations of. Udagamandalam (Ooty) in
Tamil Nadu and Mysore in Karnataka. It is an industrially backward district. Agriculture is
the main stay of the district's economy. The rich cash crop
plantations of pepper, cardamom, coffee, tea, spices and other
condiments has perhaps made Waynad one of the biggest foreign
exchange earners in the state. Besides
paddy is the most important agriculture produce. The extensive lush
paddy fields of the district are truly
The splendid scenic spectacle, with hills appearing deep
blue in bright sunlight and mist covered most of the time,
juxtaposing on the green of the paddy fields is mesmerizing. The
east flowing rivers of Waynad are in striking contrast to the
various rivers of the state. The Kabbani river of Waynad is
a perennial source of water to the Kaveri river. The characteristic feature of the district is the
presence of large numbers of tribals or Adivasis
The district also has small Jain community consisting of Gounders
who came from Karnataka. The Jains have built beautiful temples
in the district.