In the six decades since the creation of New Delhi as the capital of British India, the
city has undergone a sea change. Made in initially to cater to a population of 70,000, the
total urban population of Delhi now exceeds 10 million. The city has exploded in all
directions beyond the confines of Lutyen's wide, tree-lined avenues, with an exuberance
that is characteristically Indian.
Several factors have contributed to this
breathless pace of growth. For North India, especially, Independence also meant Partition.
In 1947, many Muslim families of Delhi migrated to Pakistan while many Hindus and Sikhs
from west Punjab sought refuge in the city. They were given land west of the Ridge and
south of New Delhi. Many of these refugees also built their houses across the Yamuna and
north of Shahijahanabad. Since then, the influx into the city has not ceased. The manpower
required by the government in the capital is itself staggering. Industrialists,
entrepreneurs and migrant labor from all over India have turned to Delhi in search of
livelihood and success, and made it a commercial capital as well. The cultivated fields
which till recently could be seen on the outskirts of the city have been developed into
residential colonies and commercial complexes. High-rise buildings now stand check-by-jowl
with Delhi's 1300 monuments. Villages such as Khirkee, Begumpur, Hauz Khas, Sheikh Sarai
and Nizamuddin, which grew around medieval Delhi's, shifting capital "cities",
have now been engulfed by the urban sprawl. Many of them, however, retain their old-world
The line of distinction
between Old and New Delhi has begun to blur north, south, east and west Delhi are more
prevalent terms of demarcation. The facilities and opportunities available in Delhi have
attracted Indians from far-flung corners of the country, making it a melting pot of sorts.
On the other hand, the presence of diplomatic and trade missions, the growing number of
multi-national companies and foreign investors, and the influx of tourists and visiting
professionals have given the city, especially its southern and central parts, a
Delhi is one of the most historic capitals in the
world and two of its monuments-the Qutb Minar and Humayun's Tomb-have been declared World
Heritage Sites. It is also one of the greenest capitals. For the visitor, it serves as a
perfect introduction to the cultural wealth, the complexities and the dynamism of India
which Jawaharlal Nehru likened to "an ancient palimpsest' on which layer upon layer
of thought and reverie has been inscribed".
Delhi has some of the
finest museums in the country. Its boutiques and shopping arcades offer access to a wealth
of traditional and contemporary crafts from all over the country. It has specialty
restaurants to please the gourmet, the open parks and gardens ablaze with flowers, and in
the winter months particularly, a variety of cultural events. Its many-layered existence
is tantalizing and can entice the curious traveler into a fascinating journey of
1470 Sq.Km. ALTITUDE: 239Mts
Max- 41.2C and Min-21.4 C in Summer, Max-33.7C and Min-6.00C in Winter.
50.0 CMS ( June to Sept )
BEST SEASON: September
Summer-cottons, Winter- Woolen,
AREA: 1470 Sq.Km. ALTITUDE:
TEMPERATURE: Max- 41.2C and
Min-21.4 C in Summer, Max-33.7C and Min-6.00C in Winter.
RAINFALL: 50.0 CMS ( June to
BEST SEASON: September to March
STD CODE: 011