Home to the tribal with Bhils constituting
half of the total populations Banswara has its name derived from Bans or
bamboo trees, which once grew here in abundance. Maharawal Jamal Singh
founded the erstwhile state. With Udaipur and Chittorgarh, forming its
boundaries, the district presently comprises of the territories of
former Banswara State and the Chieftainship of Kushalgarh. While the
central and western portion of the district are fertile plains, the
scattered ranges of the Aravali form the eastern region. The ancient
town is surrounded by a stone wall, now in ruins. A palace of a former
ruler of Banswara stands overlooking the town.
The teak forests are found on the slopes
of the Aravalli hills. Mango, Khajur and Mahua trees are also a part of
the vegetation of the district. Banswara has rich wildlife including
squirrels, lizards, snakes, chinkara, ronj and four horned antelope.
Panthers can be seen rarely. The avian variety includes the black drongo,
grey shirke, green bee-eater, parrot, jungle crow, wood pecker and
common myna. Grey jungle fowl and grey partridge are generally spotted
in the remote parts of the forests.