is the 27th state of the Indian Union. It came into existence on 9th
November 2000, when it was formally separated from the parent state of Uttar Pradesh. This
charming hilly state consists of two regions, Garhwal in the west and Kumaon in the east.
Both the regions are blessed with exceptional matural beauty, and are studded with
stunning snow covered peaks, which rank among the most beautiful mountains of the inner
Himalayas. The antiquity of the state can be traced back to 2nd century B.C.,
when the region was under the domain of Kunindas, the central Himalayan tribe, who
practisedearly form of Shaivism.
There is also a Ashokan edict at Kalsi, in Garhwal region, which indicates that
Buddhism also reached these parts of the country. Berween the seventha and fourteenth
centuries, the region came under Shaivite Katyuri, and thus Brahmanical culture flourished
here. While between thirteenth to fifteenth centuries, Chandras dominated the eastern
Kumaon. Under the Chandras, eastern Kumaon became a centre of learning, and various art
forms including Garhwal school of painting was developed. Since independence, the local
aspiration steadily grew demanding a separate state of Uttrakhand or Uttaranchal. After a
long and determined struggle by the hill people, prime minister Deve Gowda on 15th
August 1996 declared that Uttrakhand would be granted full statehood. But it was only in
June 1998, the Central Government announced its decision to create a new state named
Uttaranchal. On Sept. 23, 1998, the U.P. Assembly passed the draft bill for the formation
of Uttranchal, which included Udham Singh Nagar and excluded Hardwar. After a long
political debate the hilly region of U.P. finallt acquired its dream of statehood in
November 2000, and Udham Singh Nagar as well as Hardwar were included in it.
GARHWAL : This holy land is the
source to two holiest rivers Ganga abd Yamuna of Hindu mythology. Gangotri Glacier, the
source of great river Ganga, in north-central Garhwal is one of the most revered spot for
the Hindus. The Chardhams Badrinath, Kedarnath, Haridwar and Rishikesh, where
people come to discover a past but end up with a future, are also located here. Every year
between May and November, when the snows melt in the mountains, pilgrims and trekkers
undertake the adventurous journey to visit the holy shrines and mighty peaks.
KUMAON : The tourist potential
of this part of the state, is not fully exploited as in the case of Garhwal. There are
important pilgrim centres like Jageshwar, Bhageshwar and Baijnath. The beautiful hill
resorts like Nainital, Almora, Ranikhet and Kausani have a charm of their own. The Corbett
National Park, one of the best game reserves of the country is located south-east of
Places of Interest:
*ALMORA : Hill Station, nearby
Temples and Ashrams, Trekking, starting point for visit Glaciers. Near Almora Jogeshwar
(22) : Ancient temples. Panwanaula (30) : Temples nearby. Pindari Glacier
(120): Himalayan scenery.
*BADRINATH : Major Hindu pilgrim
centre, Hote springs, Temples.
*CHAKRATA : Hill Station.
*CHAMOLI : Hill Station.
*CHAMPAWAT : Old capital of
Kumaon and ancient architecture.
CHAUKHUTIA : View of Himalayas,
*CORBETT (DHIKKAL) : National
*DEHRADUN : States
capital, Scenic beauty, Gateway to Mussoorie.
*DEVPRAYAG : Hindu pilgrim
GANGOTRI : Source of sacred
river Ganga, Hindu pilgrim centre, Temples.
*HARIDWAR : One of the seven
sacred cities of Hindus, Temples, Ghats Ashrams.
HEMKUND : Major Sikh pilgrim
centre, Lake, Temples.
*JOSHIMATH : Hindu pilgrim
centre, Temples. Near Joshimath Govindghat (18) : Starting point for Hemkund
and Valley of Flowers. Valley of Flowers (37) : Spectacular scenic beauty.
*KARNAPRAYAG : Hindu pilgrim
centre, Temples. Near Karnaprayag Nandprayag (12) : Hindu pilgrim centre,
*KASAUNI : Switzerland of
India, View of snow peaks, Ashrams.
KATHGODAM : Railway station for
KEDARNATH : Major Hindu pilgrim
*LANSDOWNE : Hill resort.
*LOHAGHAT : Hill station.
*MUSSOORIE : Major hill resort,
Gardens, Fishing, Trekking.
*NAINITAL : Major hill resort,
Gardens, Fishing, Boating.
NARENDRANAGAR (Tehri Garhwal) :
*PANT NAGAR : Agricultural
*PITHORAGARH : Hill Station.
*RANIKHET : Hill Station.
*RISHIKESH : Hindu pilgrim
centre, Ashrams, Temples.
SRINAGAR : Temples.
*UTTARKASHI : Temples, Hill
YAMNOTRI : Source of sacred
Yamuna river, Hindu Pilgrim Centre, Hot Springs, Temples.
*Town with good accommodation